Access to practical tools & resources to help Canadians better understand and conserve wetlands.

National Soil Database (NSDB)




The National Soil Database (NSDB) is the set of digital (Arc Info) files that contain soil, landscape, and climatic data for all of Canada. It serves as the national archive for land resources information that was collected by federal and provincial field surveys, or created by land data analysis projects. The principle types of NSDB data holding are:

  • the National Ecological Framework (scales of 1:30 million to 1:1 million, coverage includes all of Canada)
  • Soil Map of Canada/Land Potential Database (scale of 1:5 million, Canada-wide coverage)
  • Agroecological Resource Areas (scale of 1:2 million, coverage includes the prairie provinces, data includes climatic, economic, crop, soil, and landscape attributes)
  • Soil Landscapes of Canada (scale of 1:1 million, Canada-wide coverage, data includes major soil and landscape attributes)
  • Canada Land Inventory (scale of 1:250,000, coverage includes most agricultural lands in Canada, data includes capability for Agriculture, Forestry, Wildlife, Recreation, Ungulates)
  • Detailed Soil Survey (scale varies from 1:20,000 to 1:250,000, coverage includes most of the significant agricultural areas of Canada, data content varies as does availability of digital data).
This tool has wide potential for wetland conservation. The larger scale maps may be appropriate for project level wetland assessments (particularly in southern Canada) and the smaller scale ones may be suitable for education, and land use planning or other landscape-level analysis activities.

Additional Information:

Regions: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Canada, Nunavut

Submitted by: WetlandNetwork

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